However, much has happened since it went up, including the Blogger outage. Scroll down for a report on that. More new posts will be added below this one. The essay below is the conclusion of the ninth part in a series by Takuan Seiyo.
In lieu of an abstract, here is a brief excerpt of the content: Toward Democratic Consolidation Larry Diamond bio In this third wave of global democratization, no phenomenon has more vividly captured the imagination of democratic scholars, observers, and activists alike than "civil society.
Could any sight be more awe-inspiring to democrats than the one they saw in Manila inwhen hundreds of thousands of organized and peaceful citizens surged into the streets to reclaim their stolen election and force Ferdinand Marcos out through nonviolent "people power"?
In fact, however, the overthrow of authoritarian regimes through popularly based and massively mobilized democratic opposition has not been the norm.
Most democratic transitions have been protracted and negotiated if not largely controlled from above by the exiting authoritarians. Yet even in such negotiated and controlled transitions, the stimulus for democratization, and particularly the pressure to complete the process, have typically come from the "resurrection of civil society," the restructuring of public space, and the mobilization of all manner of independent groups and grassroots movements.
Such images of popular [End Page 4] mobilization suffuse contemporary thinking about democratic change throughout Asia, Latin America, Eastern Europe, and Africa—and not without reason.
In South Korea, Taiwan, Chile, Poland, China, Czechoslovakia, South Africa, Nigeria, and Benin to give only a partial listextensive mobilization of civil society was a crucial source of pressure for democratic change. It is now clear that to comprehend democratic change around the world, one must study civil society.
Yet such study often provides a one-dimensional and dangerously misleading view. The simplistic antinomy between state and civil society, locked in a zero-sum struggle, will not do.
We need to specify more precisely what civil society is and is not, and to identify its wide variations in form and character. We need to comprehend not only the multiple ways it can serve democracy, but also the tensions and contradictions it generates and may encompass.
We need to think about the features of civil society that are most likely to serve the development and consolidation of democracy. What Civil Society Is and Is Not Civil society is conceived here as the realm of organized social life that is voluntary, self-generating, largely self-supporting, autonomous from the state, and bound by a legal order or set of shared rules.
It is distinct from "society" in general in that it involves citizens acting collectively in a public sphere to express their interests, passions, and ideas, exchange information, achieve mutual goals, make demands on the state, and hold state officials accountable.
Civil society is an intermediary entity, standing between the private sphere and the state. Thus it excludes individual and family life, inward-looking group activity e. Actors in civil society need the protection of an institutionalized legal order to guard their autonomy and freedom of action.
Thus civil society not only restricts state power but legitimates state authority when that authority is based on the rule of law. When the state itself is lawless and contemptuous of individual and group [End Page You are not currently authenticated.
View freely available titles:"Larry Diamond Rethinking Civil Society" Essays and Research Papers Larry Diamond Rethinking Civil Society The role of Indian civil society: ensuring State accountability The roots of an Indian autonomous civil society is not to be found in the contemporary rise of a modern state but foremost in the ancient and medieval history of the country.
BibMe Free Bibliography & Citation Maker - MLA, APA, Chicago, Harvard. Founded in , Macmillan Publishers is one of the largest global trade book publishers and home to numerous bestselling and award-winning fiction, nonfiction, and children’s books, from St.
Martin’s Press, Tor Books, Farrar, Straus & Giroux, Henry Holt, Picador, Flatiron Books, Celadon Books, and Macmillan . Herbert in Newton, Massachusetts, Books, Articles and Reviews about Herbert Marcuse. list compiled by Harold Marcuse (Harold's UCSB homepage)from US .
A close student and observer of the collapse of the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe twenty years ago, engineer Dmitry Orlov finds a similar sequence of events taking shape in America.
His savagely humorous presentation spells out how Russia was better prepared than the US is for the stages of. The phrase “guilty pleasure” has long outlived its usefulness. If you really like a song or a movie or a TV show, no matter how cheesy the conventional wisdom says it is, you should feel free.