Definition[ edit ] Lajoie and Shapiro  reviewed forty definitions of transpersonal psychology that had appeared in academic literature over the period from to They found that five key themes in particular featured prominently in these definitions: Based upon this study the authors proposed the following definition of transpersonal psychology: Transpersonal Psychology is concerned with the study of humanity's highest potential, and with the recognition, understanding, and realization of unitive, spiritual, and transcendent states of consciousness.
These selected excerpts include the Abstract-Overview, along with the entirety of Chapter 1 IntroductionChapter 2 a literature review of health and optimal well-being among over three dozen prominent Western psychologistsand Chapter 5 Summary-Conclusions-Comments.
Many additional criteria, affirmed by the literature and survey respondents, were posited e. Discrepancies were sometimes found between what classic spiritual literature affirms as criteria and what some modern representatives maintain.
Survey respondents indicate three especially important means for spiritual realization: What is optimal well-being?
To put this question in only slightly different terms: What is the highest stage of human development? This dissertation examines the hypothesis: It is to be noted that this author is specifically interested in examining optimal well-being in terms of spiritual realization awakening, liberation, enlightenment, and so forth.
However, it is readily seen that humans ostensibly very healthy on the biological level can still live in a state of great dissatisfaction, even misery, such as when psychologically ridden by frustration, depression, resentment, boredom, jealousy, and so forth.
Because psychosynthesis is fundamentally an open system and a point of view, rather than a dogma or doctrine, fixed rules about the use of mental imagery in its practice do not exist. By definition, psychosynthesis is a process that occurs around the unifying center or self of an individual; the methods of work that such an. Excerpts from Timothy Conway's PhD dissertation on optimal well-being, spirituality and psychology, including survey of transpersonal psychology and the Sacred Traditions. Support your Gnostic Society and Ecclesia: Click and add this leslutinsduphoenix.com Bookmark to your favorites (Internet Explorer and Firefox). Use our link when you go to leslutinsduphoenix.com You get the same low Amazon prices, and we receive a small commission that supports our non-profit efforts.
But the history of psychology shows that it mainly arose more as an expedient to remedy the existence of various types of disturbing mental disorder, rather than as an exploration of the farther higher reaches of human well-being. Of course, some of these psychologists have gone deeper than others into the subject.
In contrast to the behaviorists and mainstream psychoanalysts, these researchers encouraged a study of true well-being and, in a rudimentary fashion, began to probe some of its possible features. Their research see next chapter for a review of some of this literature often touched on or even delved deeply into such spiritual traditions as Zen Buddhism, Hindu Vedanta, and Christian mysticism so as to enrich their views.
Unfortunately, there was no official support for, or seeming great interest in, this work in the mainstream of psychology. Psychologists were still mainly interested in the dynamics of pathology, not extraordinary health, and the two main paradigms in psychology for studying pathology were psychoanalysis and behaviorism.
With this so-called "third force" in psychology, there could now be an official focus on dynamics of health in addition to the focus on the dynamics of pathology. This ushered in the human potential movement and the concern for self-actualization. But within less than a decade, even the paradigm of humanistic psychology was obsolete for studies in extreme well-being.
Their definitions of maturity and health reach no further than psychosocial identity, object constancy, mutuality in object relations, and more adaptive, less conflicted rearrangements of impulse and defense. Yet much of the agony of our time stems from a spiritual vacuum. Furthermore, transpersonal psychologists were now very open to practicing spiritual disciplines and dialoguing with teachers more or less representative of these spiritual traditions.
A number of articles by, or interviews with, various spiritual teachers themselves are to be found in the issues especially the earlier issues of the Journal of Transpersonal Psychology.Support your Gnostic Society and Ecclesia: Click and add this leslutinsduphoenix.com Bookmark to your favorites (Internet Explorer and Firefox).
Use our link when you go to leslutinsduphoenix.com You get the same low Amazon prices, and we receive a small commission that supports our non-profit efforts. Psychosynthesis is an approach to psychology that was developed by Italian psychiatrist, Roberto leslutinsduphoenix.com compared psychosynthesis to the prevailing thinking of the day, contrasting psychosynthesis for example with existential psychology, but unlike the latter considered loneliness not to be "either ultimate or essential".
Assagioli asserted that "the direct experience of the self, of pure. 3) the comprehension of one's true self is the identification or creation of a unifying center; 4) psychosynthesis: the formation or restructuring of the personality around the new center.
An important element of psychosynthesis is the concept of subpersonality. The human person is not a single and fully integrated whole. Jun 30, · Still more material from Roberto Assagioli of psychosynthesis fame - this is a great article on the nature of the Self.
In psychosynthesis, the Self is the unifying center of the. Psychosynthesis is an approach to psychology that was developed by Italian psychiatrist, Roberto leslutinsduphoenix.com compared psychosynthesis to the prevailing thinking of the day, contrasting psychosynthesis for example with existential psychology, but unlike the latter considered loneliness not to be "either ultimate or essential".
Assagioli asserted that "the direct experience of the self, of pure. Criteria for Spiritual Realization Timothy Conway's PhD dissertation on optimal well-being, spiritual realization and traditions of spirituality and psychology.