Adjective In the 18th century, French artists rebelled against the ponderousness of Baroque style and began to create light, delicate interior decorations, furniture, and architectural elements characterized by fanciful curved asymmetrical forms and elaborate ornamentation. The name of their new style, rococo, has been traced to the French rocaille, a term that evoked the ornamental use of rock and shell forms. In time, rococo was also applied to similarly ornamented and intimate styles of painting and music.
The church features, like much of the rococo architecture in Germany, a remarkable contrast between the regularity of the facade and the overabundance of decoration in the interior. Britain[ edit ] In Great Britain, rococo was called the "French taste" and had less influence on design and the decorative arts than in continental Europe.
William Hogarth helped develop a theoretical foundation for Rococo beauty. Though not mentioning rococo by name, he argued in his Analysis of Beauty that the undulating lines Rococo style S-curves prominent in Rococo were the basis for grace and beauty in art or nature unlike the straight line or the circle in Classicism.
Before entering the Rococo, British furniture for a time followed the neoclassical Palladian model under designer William Kentwho designed for Lord Burlington and other important patrons of the arts. Kent travelled to Italy with Lord Burlington between andand brought back many models and ideas from Palladio.
The Rococo began to make an appearance in England between and The furniture of Thomas Chippendale was the closest to the Rococo style, In Rococo style published "Gentleman's and Cabinet-makers' directory", a catalog of designs for rococo, chinoiserie and even Gothic furniture, which achieved wide popularity, going through three editions.
Unlike French designers, Chippendale did not employ marquetry or inlays in his furniture. Another important figure in British furniture was Thomas Johnsonwho invery late in the period, published a catalog of Roroco furniture designs. These include furnishings based on rather fantastic Chinese and Indian motifs, including a canopy bed crowned by a Chinese pagoda now in the Victoria and Albert Museum.
Design for a State Bed by Thomas Chippendale —54 Proposed Chinese sofa by Thomas Chippendale —54 Design for Commode and lamp stands by Thomas Chippendale —54 Side chair by Thomas Chippendale —60 Design for candlesticks in the "Chinese Taste" by Thomas Johnson Chippendale chairMetropolitan Museum Brazier by silversmith Charles Friedrich KanderMetropolitan Museum Decline and end[ edit ] The art of Boucher and other painters of the period, with its emphasis on decorative mythology and gallantry, soon inspired a reaction, and a demand for more "noble" themes.
This was confirmed by the nomination of Le Troy as director of the Academy inand then in by Charles-Joseph Natoire. He was accompanied by several artists, including the engraver Nicolas Cochin and the architect Soufflot. They returned to Paris with a passion for classical art.
He turned official French architecture toward the neoclassical. Cochin became an important art critic; he denounced the petit style of Boucher, and called for a grand style with a new emphasis on antiquity and nobility in the academies of painting and architecture.
Blondel decried the "ridiculous jumble of shells, dragons, reeds, palm-trees and plants" in contemporary interiors. Rococo remained popular in the provinces and in Italy, until the second phase of neoclassicism, " Empire style ", arrived with Napoleonic governments and swept Rococo away.
Furniture and decoration[ edit ] The ornamental style called rocaille emerged in France between andmostly during the regency and reign of Louis XV ; the style was also called Louis Quinze. Its principal characteristics were picturesque detail, curves and counter-curves, asymmetry, and a theatrical exuberance.
On the walls of new Paris salons, the twisting and winding designs, usually made of gilded or painted stucco, wound around the doorways and mirrors like vines. His work is well known today because of the enormous number of engravings made of his work which popularized the style throughout Europe.
He designed works for the royal families of Poland and Portugal. Italy was another place where the Rococo flourished, both in its early and later phases.
Craftsmen in Rome, Milan and Venice all produced lavishly decorated furniture and decorative items. The most extravagant rocaille forms were found in the consoles, tables designed to stand against walls.
The Commodes, or chests, which had first appeared under Louis XIV, were richly decorated with rocaille ornament made of gilded bronze. They were made by master craftsmen including Jean-Pierre Latz and also featured marquetry of different-coloured woods, sometimes placed in checkerboard cubic patterns, made with light and dark woods.
The period also saw the arrival of Chinoiserieoften in the form of lacquered and gilded commodes, called falcon de Chine of Vernis Martin, after the ebenist who introduced the technique to France.
Ormoluor gilded bronze, was used by master craftsmen including Jean-Pierre Latz.
Latz made a particularly ornate clock mounted atop a cartonnier for Frederick the Great for his palace in Potsdam. Pieces of imported Chinese porcelain were often mounted in ormolu gilded bronze rococo settings for display on tables or consoles in salons.Rococo Furniture.
Thomas Chippendale was the best-known English furniture designer, and the publication of his Director in the middle of the century made him a household name. Rococo Nymphenburg Porcelain group () Bavarian National Museum. By Franz Anton Bustelli.
Introduction. Centred in France and emerging as a reaction to the Baroque grandeur of King Louis XIV's royal court at the Palace of Versailles, the Rococo movement or style of French painting was associated particularly with Madame Pompadour, the mistress of the new King Louis XV, and the Parisian.
Did You Know? Adjective.
In the 18th century, French artists rebelled against the ponderousness of Baroque style and began to create light, delicate interior decorations, furniture, and architectural elements characterized by fanciful curved asymmetrical forms and elaborate ornamentation.
Rococo style, style in interior design, the decorative arts, painting, architecture, and sculpture that originated in Paris in the early 18th century but was soon adopted throughout France and later in other countries, principally Germany and Austria. It is characterized by lightness, elegance, and an exuberant use of curving, natural forms in ornamentation.
Chippendale: Chippendale, various styles of furniture fashionable in the third quarter of the 18th century and named after the English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale. The first style of furniture in England named after a cabinetmaker rather than a monarch, it became the most famous name in the history of.
Artists by Movement: Rococo Art Europe, to Rococo Art succeeded Baroque Art in Europe. It was most popular in France, and is generally associated with the reign of King Louis XV ().